On October 10, 2017 Greece’s 300-member parliament passed a new law, titled “Legal Recognition of Gender Identity – National Mechanism for the Development, Monitoring and Evaluation of Action Plans on Children’s Rights” with 171 votes in favor.
“Gender identity” is defined in the bill as, “the personal way in which a person experiences his or her sex, irrespective of the sex registered on their birth certificate on the basis of his/her biological characteristics, including the personal perception of the body, as well as the social and external expression of gender, which corresponds to the will of the person.” This definition could easily be shortened to “feelings.”
The new law allows Greek citizens over the age of 15 to change their official identifying documents to reflect their “gender identity” simply by obtaining a court ruling, and removes the former requirements for such changes to identifying documents, including the requirement that the individual had undergone a psychiatric assessment and “sex-change surgery.” Although individuals may update their documents at will, they may only seek to change their “gender identity” twice, and may not be married when they do so. Additionally, individuals with children who are seeking to update their own identifying documents may not identify their child’s documents (i.e. the child’s birth certificate).