Karen Ulane, as Kenneth Ulane, was hired in 1968 as a pilot for defendant, Eastern Air Lines, Inc., but was fired as Karen Frances Ulane in 1981. Ulane filed a timely charge of sex discrimination with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, which subsequently issued a right to sue letter. Ulane sued, claiming he was discriminated against as a female and as a transsexual. The judge ruled in favor of Ulane on both counts after a bench trial. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit reversed, noting that Ulane was not female and Title VII did not cover transsexuals. This 1984 case is effectively dated given the EEOC’s current position on these cases.