In re Estate of Gardiner (USA)

In 2002, the Supreme Court of Kansas held that  a post-operative male-to female transsexual was not a woman within the meaning of the statutes and could not validly marry another man. This case is effectively overruled by Obergefell v. Hodges.

Transgender activists who claim that the fight for marriage equality did not benefit them are simply lying.

In re Estate of Gardiner

Goins v. West Group

Julienne Goins, a transsexual, claimed that West Group discriminated against her based upon her sexual orientation by designating restrooms and restroom use on the basis of biological gender, in violation of the Minnesota Human Rights Act (“MHRA”). Goins also claimed that such discrimination created a hostile work environment. The Supreme Court of Minnesota held in 2001 that an employer’s designation of employee restroom use based on biological gender is not sexual orientation discrimination in violation of the MHRA.

Goins v. West Group

Matter of Outman v Annucci (USA)


Alan M.Outman is serving 25 years to life in a New York state prison for “forcibly sexually abusing” a 21-year-old man and then “intentionally killing” him in a culvert. Alan now identifies as a Woman named “Sara.” He recently lost a  request for special housing on account of his diagnosis of gender dysphoria.

Outman pleads guilty in Fillers’ death _ Press & Sun-Bulletin _ pressconnects

Guilty Plea For Alan Outman _ WBNG-TV_ News, Sports and Weather Binghamton, New York _ Local

Matter of Outman v Annucci (2015 NY Slip Op 25322)

Kantaras v. Kantaras (USA)



Michael Kantaras underwent surgery in 1987 to remove his breasts and ovaries and began taking hormones to transition to living as a man. He married a woman, Linda, and they later went through a contentious divorce and child custody case. In 2004, the Florida Supreme Court found that the marriage was null and void because Michael was still a woman and same­-sex marriages were illegal in Florida at the time. The parties later settled.

Kantaras v. Kantaras

CNN Article on Settlement

Ulane v. Eastern Airlines, Inc. (USA)

Karen Ulane, as Kenneth Ulane, was hired in 1968 as a pilot for defendant, Eastern Air Lines, Inc., but was fired as Karen Frances Ulane in 1981. Ulane filed a timely charge of sex discrimination with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, which subsequently issued a right to sue letter. Ulane sued, claiming he was discriminated against as a female and as a transsexual. The judge ruled in favor of Ulane on both counts after a bench trial. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit reversed, noting that Ulane was not female and Title VII did not cover transsexuals. This 1984 case is effectively dated given the EEOC’s current position on these cases.

Ulane v. Eastern Airlines, Inc.